By Maimun Mustafa
Remote sensing, the internet of things (IoT) and artificial intelligence (AI) are some buzzwords that we are being bombarded with everyday. Interestingly the building, construction, and complementary industries are being dramatically disrupted by these 4th Industrial Revolution (4IR) technologies. Rather as a consequence in the age of continuous change, the different players in affiliated sectors of construction need to evolve by seamless intra-industry integration. This is the era that is being catalyzed by the smart building system with IoT at the forefront.
The Internet of Things (IoT), relevant to the building industry, is the network of interconnected devices, mechanical and digital machines, home appliances and other objects embedded with sensors, software, switches and connectivity which enable these objects to connect to a network that collects and exchange data. Remote sensing refers to the use of wireless sensors and actuators which can be remotely controlled, monitored and optimized by the user for automation and collectively give input to the IoT. AI software takes in the data generated via remote sensors and processes it to make automated decisions through machine learning so that human input eventually reduces over time.
The connectivity of IoT devices allows joining various hardware by creating network and comprehensive intelligence systems. The dynamic nature of IoT devices tells the state of the device on/off status as well as data information from its neighboring environment. The crux of technology is diverse due to the utilization of distinct platforms and networks. Imagine a universal remote control with the need for a handheld remote. Currently, the systems are consolidating information from home exercises, neighborhood climate frameworks and then some. The end goal is to acclimate to the optimal way of life and help for better deals at home and at the workplace. Even better, interfaces can communicate with one another to shape a firm unit to enable the house to work cycle.
A DAY IN THE LIFE OF IOT
Imagine a day, wherefrom the moment you wake up, sensors can pick up body temperature, record your preferences over time and use algorithms to adjust the mattress warmth and regulate the air conditioner. After you step out of the shower, (which itself has allocated water and water pressure efficiently as part of the integrated system) lights turn on and off, as you move room to room with no physical interaction. The stove is heated for breakfast while the TV automatically turns on CNN for your morning news brief. As you leave the house, energy efficiency can be utilized and non-essential items are switched off. The doors remain secure as biometrics sensors will only allow you and your family to enter and thus, make keys a relic of the past. Entering the office, you can clock in and the AI will be able to adjust music and ambience to boost collective mood and enhance productivity. That is only a snapshot of the potential in a day of the IoT enabled building ecosystem. In simple terms, IoT plays a momentous role to reduce human exertions and reap economic benefits. It just makes business sense to capitalize early. IoT and smart buildings are here-and-now opportunities that Bangladesh needs to capitalize on.